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Alzheimer's Disease 

Alzheimer's disease in most cases effects people in their late sixties or more. It is the reason for many cases of dementia wherein the transmitters, cells and the nerves in the brain are the target of the disease, making the brain to shrink and gaps to develop, also leading to shortage of brain chemicals which are important for the messages to be communicated within the brain. It all starts with loss of memory, sudden change of moods, and incoherent talk, making the effected person confused, thereby leaving him with feelings of anger or frustration, loss of confidence, loss of interest in one's life and a typically scared feeling. One in twenty is effected in their late 60years onwards and one in five , 80 years onwards.

Initially Alzheimer’s disease is denoted by simple memory loss such as forgetfulness as well as difficulty and delay in doing simple calculations of mathematics. Then as it progresses there is a sudden change of moods and frustration because of the anxiety caused due to the brain's loss of awareness of place and time with difficulty even in remembering the day, date or year. They may even forget to remember who they are or where they stay. the further development stage of the disease will pave way for hallucinations , (like seeing things that don’t really exist or hearing strange sounds and fright of being under attack) people tend to become highly suspicious and violent. the speech is also notably effected giving way to irrelevant talk , with interest fading from the worldly things. there is a definite change in the regular eating habits and difficulty in recognizing simple & familiar things or objects. Furthermore inhibition lacking and strange emotional changes, urinating and passing stools without being conscious of hygiene is also set in, thus neglecting self care.

There are many factors for the development of Alzheimer’s disease , though the age factor is a major reason for Alzheimer’s, there is a section of people with history of down's syndrome in the family, since Alzheimer’s is a strain of down's syndrome. Researchers are also of the belief that those with high cholesterol levels and high blood pressure stand an increased chance of developing Alzheimer’s disease and so are those, who may have had severe head injuries accidentally. No known cure for Alzheimer’s disease exists.


 

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