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Arthritis

Arthritis is a condition wherein the bones and joints become stiff and painful. There are quite a few types of arthritis, one being osteoarthritis which is the common most form of arthritis wherein the cartilage in-between the bones degenerates, this in turn leads to the two bones in the joint, to rub against each other causing pains as well as joints not remaining in their proper natural alignment especially the spine, hips hands and knee joints.

Though osteoarthritis effects people in the age group of forty years and sixty years, it tends to be more with age and so is seen with more than 12 percent of people in the 65 years & above age bracket.

The other notable form of inflammatory arthritis is rheumatoid arthritis, in which movements in the joints are reduced and limited due to the degeneration of cartilage & bones, with swelling, stiffness, reduced mobility and pain at the joints, generally giving a lethargic feeling of tiredness and feeling unwell. Though it is felt more in the early part of the day, it tends to ease up after the day’s progress when the body joints are flexed during the work. Rheumatoid arthritis has been seen effecting people between the age group of 30 years-to-50 years. Especially women are at three times the risk to their male counter parts. It is said that up to 3 percent of the population is affected by rheumatoid arthritis. 

Though arthritis is associated with elder people, children can be effected too and such condition is referred to as juvenile rheumatic arthritis or juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Obesity (where overweight strains the joints) and those movements which require to repeatedly involve the movements of certain joints thereby resulting in strain and also sports related injuries to the joints etc, can be a few of the many causes of osteoarthritis. It is believed that a fault in the immune system of the body which causes its own tissues to be attacked by the body itself is the cause for rheumatoid arthritis. This symptom is thought to be genetically inherited. 

 


 

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