Dandruff is a condition where dead skin is shed by the scalp in the form of white scales. Dandruff is a very common condition affecting all races and nationalities all over the world. Skin is constantly renewing in the human body including the scalp. When new cells are formed, the old ones are pushed to the top where they die and shed by your scalp. When someone is afflicted by dandruff, the speed of new cells being generated is almost twice the speed of normal and thereby twice the number of dead cells are shed.

The scalp surface becomes scaly and itchy, the dead skin cells fall naturally or with scratching of the scalp. The scales are visible when hair is brushed or the scalp is scratched. Dandruff usually occurs in males more than females. 

Dandruff is most commonly seen in people in their teen through their thirties. Dandruff flakes (dead skin cells) are white in color and are visible dark clothing when they are shed. Dandruff is caused by the inability of dead skin cells to shed. Regular combing or brushing helps in proper shedding. Another way the cells shed is when new cells are produced which help push the old dead cells to the top and to shed. Dandruff can also be caused by a deficiency of vitamins or an improper diet.

Dandruff only affects the scalp, if it affects other parts of the body it may be psoriasis or Seborrhoeic dermatitis. Dandruff shampoos used about 2-3 times a week have controlled the flaking issue. Look for shampoos that contain either of these dandruff controlling active ingredients: Coal Tar, Zinc Pyrithione, Selenium Sulphide or Ketoconzole. Discontinuing treatment will result in the dandruff condition returning. Some people may have an allergic reaction to the active ingredients in the shampoo. If this occurs, follow the directions on the bottle, discontinue use and contact a doctor for an alternate treatment. 



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