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Diabetes

Diabetes is a disease caused by an excess of glucose (sugar) levels in the blood. This condition occurs when there is an insufficient amount of insulin produced by the pancreas. This condition leads to various complications in human beings such as weakness, loss of eyesight, and the inability of wounds to heal quickly. 
Diabetes occurs due to many reasons such as:

  • hereditary characteristics present in the human genes.

  • excessive intake of sugar.

  • being overweight. 

There are two types of diabetes

TYPE I or insulin-dependent diabetes Type I occurs in teenagers and individuals below the age of 40 years. It is also known as juvenile-onset diabetes. This condition occurs in human beings when the body is unable to produce an adequate amount of insulin. People suffering from this type i.e. type 1 require life long treatment. This treatment involves regular blood sugar (glucose) monitoring. In cases of excessive quantities of glucose, the patient is advised control the in take of glucose (starch and sugar) containing food. 

TYPE II or Non-Insulin dependent diabetes Non-insulin dependent diabetes appears when the human body does not produce sufficient quantity of insulin or utilize the amount of insulin produced. This condition was also termed as maturity onset diabetes because it was predominantly found in human beings above the age of 40. 
Usually Type II is strongly related to people who are obese (overweight). Usually 80% of obese people suffer from Type II diabetes

If the disease is not cared for and proper timely treatment is not provided as mentioned earlier, it can result in number of long term health problems. High levels of glucose in the blood supply can damage the body's blood vessels and can lead to blin

 

 

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