What are kidney stones?
The human body disposes off waste substances from the body thru the urine.
Usually there is enough fluid to mix with the waste and send it out thru the kidneys but when the human body is dehydrated or the fluid intake is low or there is a high volume of waste substance crystallization takes place as the urine is concentrated. When even a small crystal forms in the kidneys it acts as a seed to attract more crystallization to occur.
High intake of vitamin D or other substances can likely contribute to the substances not being dissolved in the urine and passing out, Gout is also a possible contributor. if the obstruction in the urinary tract becomes absolute then the kidneys may be permanently destroyed. Drinking water,(rather then carbonated drinks) is advised.
Kidney stones can grow larger and can also move to the ureters connecting to the bladder or move to the bladder itself.
Smaller stones get passed out of the body with urine when they get dislodged and they are very painful.
The pain has been said to be more severe then a pregnant woman delivering a baby.
Larger stones sometimes are so large they cannot pass out and can get stuck along the urinary tract system basically depending on the size of the stone.
Usually there are o symptoms to show you may be developing a kidney stone but as they get stuck and start moving in one of the tubes carrying the fluid from the kidney to the bladder the muscle of the ureter walls has spasms. Blood is commonly seen in the urine when the kidney stone is on the move.
To diagnose if you have a kidney stone you can get an x-ray where most kidney stones are seen. Another way when normal x-ray doesn’t detect the stones a dye in injected intravenous and the kidney when the dye reaches the urine an x-ray can see the dye and show the stones in the urinary track system.
To treat kidney smaller kidney stones a lot of water intake is advised. For the larger ones a treatment known as extra corporeal lithography is used, this method basically uses acoustic shock waves by way of ultrasound and breaks up the stones into much smaller fragments and they are then excreted thru normal urination.
Another method is to insert a tube thru the urethra to the bladder and collect the stones in a small basket and retrieve them.
Please consult with your doctor for looking into what treatment is right for you.