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Meningitis

DEFINITION: 

Meningitis is the inflammation of the meninges, which causes the brain tissue to swell and therefore, blood and oxygen supply is reduced and doesn’t reach the brain cells. 

 

SYMPTOMS:

The symptoms of Meningitis are vomiting, seizures, muscle pain, stiff neck, sever headache, sensitivity to light, and skin irritation. 

 

CAUSES:

The causes of Meningitis are viruses or bacteria, and sometimes tuberculosis, fungi, and parasites. Often, the condition can occur because of brain injury or brain surgery. Generally, people who have a weak immune system are more prone to get the infection. 

 

TREATMENT:

The treatment for Meningitis caused by a virus is treatment at home, such as reducing the fever by using cold cloths, reducing pain with Tylenol or other pain killers, and resting. The condition usually goes away in about two weeks if cared for properly and the patient doesn’t have to be admitted to the hospital. 

Whereas, for Meningitis caused by bacteria, the patient has to stay at the hospital while being treated with antibiotics.  Bacterial Meningitis can be severely dangerous and can cause brain damage as well as possibly leading to death if not taken care of properly.

 

 

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