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Osteoporosis

DEFINITION:
Osteoporosis is a disease that triggers bones to become extremely permeable, increasing risks for fractures and injuries. It generally occurs in older age and is caused by not having enough calcium while growing up. 

SYMPTOMS:
Symptoms of Osteoporosis include having back pain, a curved backbone, fractures or broken hip or wrist bones, and a curved or bent posture or loss of height.

CAUSES:
As stated above, the cause of Osteoporosis is the lack of calcium, phosphorus, and vitamin D in early years. After 30 years of age, the bones start to dissolve and start thinning. After the age of 50, the lack of testosterone in men and estrogen in women can possibly increase bone loss as well. 

DIAGNOSIS:
The diagnosis of Osteoporosis is done by a bone density test, a check up of the whole body, and the previous medical history of the patient. 

TREATMENT:
The treatment for Osteoporosis is generally just changing eating habits, getting daily exercise, not smoking, and getting enough calcium and nutrients. Also, regular check ups after the age of 65 are very important.
 

 

 

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