Rubella, also known as three day measles or German measles is a contagious condition caused by a virus called the rubella virus. This disease is a short-term illness with mild conditions, usually rash. Rubella is not the same thing as Rubeola, which is measles.
Rubella is generally caused by a virus but is easily spread through talking, coughing, sneezing, or sharing eating or drinking utensils, or even touching the surface that has droplets of the virus. It can also be spread to the fetus by a pregnant mother, causing serious defects in the fetus, and can even cause stillbirth.
Some of the symptoms of this disease are: swelling of the glands, low fever, a headache, sore throat, and eventually rash. The rash starts a few days after the person is exposed to the virus and is most contagious at that time, before the rash appears.
A blood test, called serology is used to diagnose rubella.
There is no particular treatment for Rubella. Symptoms such as fever and headaches can be reduced though by Tylenol and other medicine.
Vaccinations can be taken in early teenage years to prevent rubella.