Schizophrenia is a brain disease that can cause delusions, paranoia, hallucinations, and lack of motivation. It causes the individual to loose control over his/her emotions, thoughts, and the ability to interact in society. This disease can change one’s daily life and can cause the person to stop doing daily activities because of the lack of motivation or desire.
The symptoms of Schizophrenia can start as early as in one’s late teenage years. There are two types of symptoms for Schizophrenia: positive and negative. Negative symptoms usually occur in the early stage of the disease which is called Prodromal phase but can still remain throughout the entire disorder. These symptoms include, lack of motivation, being unsatisfied, refusing to talk, interaction with others, poor hygiene, and sometimes not eating.
Positive symptoms occur in the mid stage of the disease which is called the Active or Acute phase. These symptoms include confusion, hallucinations in any of the five senses but mostly in the hearing sense. The person affected usually hears voices which sound real to him/her. Delusions are also a part of the positive symptoms of Schizophrenia. A delusion is when one starts believing things that are not true.
The causes of Schizophrenia have not yet been discovered. Several different theories have been mentioned but none have yet been proven to be true.
However there is no real cure for Schizophrenia, there are several treatment options, such as medication, counseling, and dedication and support from friends and family. For this condition, however, the treatment is long-term and can last an entire lifetime. The most efficient type of treatment is medication. The downside to medication, however, is that it can have several side effects; therefore, a patient on medication should be under observation at all times. Along with medication, constant support from friends and family is needed because the patient needs to have people around him/her at all times. Socializing is very important and for this, friends and family need to motivate the individual as well as motivating him/her to continue the medication prescribed. It is very important to continue the medication to prevent recurrence.