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Urinary Tract Infection

DEFINITION:

A urinary tract infection, also known as UTI is an infection of the urinary tract, which includes the kidneys, bladder, or urethras. Most urinary tract infections are either cystitis (bladder infections) or pyelonephritis (kidney infections). 

Most of the time UTIs aren’t too serious but can be if they’re not treated properly, resulting in severe and permanent damage to the kidneys.  

 

SYMPTOMS:

Symptoms of a UTI include: a burning sensation while urinating, fever, nausea, vomiting, tenderness or heaviness in the lower abdomen, pain on the lower back under the rib cage on one side, and a foul odor in the urine.

 

CAUSES:

The cause of a urinary tract infection is almost always bacteria that enter the urethra and move up the urinary tract. Most of the time those bacteria come from the large intestine where they’re already living. However, rarely the bacteria can be entered into the urinary tract through the blood.

 

DIAGNOSIS:

A UTI can usually be diagnosed by its symptoms and any physician can detect it and treat it. 

 

TREATMENT:

Treatment for this infection is almost always antibiotics that are taken orally. However the amount of time the antibiotics need to be taken depends on the person’s health conditions, age, and sex.

 

 

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